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Thursday, March 31, 2016

Scope and Delimitation on Thesis of Teenage Pregnancy

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “



Click this to guide you by chapter of this thesis - Chapter I; Chapter 11Chapter IIIChapter IVChapter V
The study is delimited to students who have been pregnant at their teens (12-19) years old and living in, Maramag, Bukidnon.The subjects were drawn to the students who have been pregnant and or have been a student on their teenager days and living in Maramag, Bukidnon. The study focused on the extent of major causes of teenage pregnancy which are family, peers, community, and church involvement, with the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.



The perception of the teenager to the effects of major causes of teenage pregnancy were limited to educational development only. This was the dependent variables of the study. The dependent variables of the respondents indicate the effects of educational development among students in school and out-of-school youth. These are teenagers who got pregnant and pursued their studies in spite of the hassle of having in the school and having a child to rear. There are also teenagers who got pregnant tried to go to school and earned a vocation plus degree. While others did not. There are also teenagers especially out-of-school youth who never have the chance to go to school after pregnancy.


Click below to some parts of chapter 1 of this thesis:
Chapter I -Statement of the Problem
Chapter I - Null Hypothesis
Chapter I - Significance of the Study
Chapter I - Conceptual Framework;
Chapter I - Independent and Dependent Variables
Chapter I- Scope and Delimitation
Chapter I- Definition of Keywords

Thesis of Teenage Pregnancy - Definition of Keywords

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “



Click this to guide you by chapter of this thesis - Chapter IChapter IIChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V
Chapter I/Definition of Keywords
The following terms are defined for smooth progress of understanding and clarity of the major concepts used in the study. Cause of teenage pregnancy- is the producer of an effect, result or consequence.
Economic Status– means family income, parental educational level, parental occupation, and social status community.
Educational Development– is the possible trend, progress on their school performance of students or out-of-school youth/teenagers who have been pregnant.


Effect of teenage pregnancy– means a result brought about by premarital sex at the age of 13 to 19 years old in relation to her educational development. Out-of-school youth  – are youth aged 13 – 19 who are not in school and who are unemployed, underemployed, or lacking basic skills.
Peers of teenagers – means were teenagers having an age of 13 to 19 who is equal to another in abilities, qualification, age, background, and social status.  
Sex Education – means learning the external conditions such as psychological, sociological, economic and social factors that affect the personality, behavior and development of a boy to manhood and fatherhood and a girl to motherhood as well as with human reproduction.
Teenage Pregnancy -means conception by a girl between the ages of twelve  (12) and nineteen (19) year old which was not planned for.


Click below to some parts of chapter 1 of this thesis:
Chapter I -Statement of the Problem
Chapter I - Null Hypothesis
Chapter I - Significance of the Study
Chapter I - Conceptual Framework;
Chapter I - Independent and Dependent Variables
Chapter I- Scope and Delimitation
Chapter I- Definition of Keywords

Wednesday, March 30, 2016

Significance of the Study On The Thesis of Teenage Pregnancy



“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

Click to guide you by chapter of this thesis -Chapter I; Chapter 11Chapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

Significance of the Study
The study will conducted to find out the extent of how extreme is the effect of the major causes of teenage pregnancy to the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon. The result of this study is beneficial to students and out-of-school youth, to the parents, teachers, to the community, school administrators, researchers and other interested individuals because this can serve as empirical data where suggestion of minimizing teenage pregnancy in the community can be taken.
The study will also benefit students who still are at school because it will  give them information about the cause and possible effects of teenage pregnancy  to their studies once they got pregnant. In one way or in another this paper will guide them to focus first their attention to their studies rather than giving priority to their romantic affairs with boyfriends.


The study will also benefit the out-of-school youth to be aware of not getting pregnant at teens for the big chance at them to go back school or to be enrolled in ALS (Alternative Learning System), for the none high school graduate.

This study will also benefit  the parents to enable them to realize their great role in educating their teenagers, protecting and diverting them from indulging early sex especially if without marriage. They must be aware too of what kind of peers their teenagers have. This study too will make the parents aware that education about  the use of contraceptives will start also at home.
This study will also benefit the teachers for they could be informed how important is education to the development of children to manhood. This enables them to guide and identify the major causes of teenage pregnancy especially in Maramag, Bukidnon. Then and there they would intensify their functions to counter those causes by diversity The interest of teenage in engaging early sex and if ever teenagers are already fall of indulging sex both boys and girls, then contraceptives  will play on this to prevent teenage pregnancy.


This study will also benefit school administrators. It would provide them information of the importance of knowing the major factors behind early pregnancy and the possible effects on educational development of teenagers. It’s one way that administrators will intensify sex education on their school, improve the knowledge of their faculties or teachers through seminars so that they can deal well with students to avoid pregnancy at early age. And truncate if it not half way to the learners to be effective and to be understood. The researcher hoped that the result of this study would also would also be a great help to future researchers and to all people who are interested to know more about teenage pregnancy on their causes and the possible effects on their educational development.
Click below to some parts of chapter 1 of this thesis:
Chapter I -Statement of the Problem
Chapter I - Null Hypothesis
Chapter I - Significance of the Study
Chapter I - Conceptual Framework;
Chapter I - Independent and Dependent Variables
Chapter I- Scope and Delimitation
Chapter I- Definition of Keywords

Null Hypothesis On The Thesis of Teenage Pregnancy

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

Click to guide you by chapter of this thesis - Chapter IChapter IIIChapter IVChapter V
Null Hypotheses
The following null- hypotheses were formulated to guide the study:
1. There is no significant difference on the educational development of teenage pregnancy when grouped according to age, educational attainment, status, type of school attended, and economic background.
2. The causes of teenage pregnancy has no significant effect on the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.


Monday, March 28, 2016

Statement of the Problem On The Thesis of Teenage Pregnancy

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “


Click to guide you by chapter of this thesis - Chapter I; Chapter III;Chapter IVChapter V

This study is aimed to look into the effects of teenage pregnancy to the educational development of students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.  Particularly it aims to answer the following problems.

1. What is the demographic profile in terms of age, age when pregnant, educational attainment, status, type of school attended and economic background of the respondents.

2. What are the causes of teenage pregnancy among the students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.


3. Is there a significant difference on the educational development of teenage pregnancy when grouped according to age, educational attainment , status, type of school attended and economic background of the respondents.

4. Which among the causes of teenage pregnancy effects most to students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.

Click below to some parts of chapter 1 of this thesis:

Sunday, March 27, 2016

Effects, Econmic and Justification onThesis of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Chapter 2


“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

Click here to guide you by chapters - Chapter IChapter 11Chapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

CHAPTER 2
Review of Related Literature and Studies
Effects of Premarital sex
 Albano, September, 2010. As a whole, the situation is grim for pregnant teenage girls who are in school and their babies. Forced with few options with no where to turn to, many girls find various ways to get rid of the fetus. In a few cases, some simply disguise their bellies and hide their pregnancy from everyone, and  the victim will start to make lost interest at school, absenteeism from school which resulted to low and failure  on test and quizzes and finally prefers to stay home. As months move on, a teenage pregnant student will start to disguise their bellies and hide their pregnancy to their schoolmates and to everyone, but everything will not just end that way, the pressure must go on and being pregnant this will effect on their school development, others will decide to quit school for the main time and back to school after pregnancy.

Effects after pregnancy
Common Reasons behind Teenage Pregnancy in the Philippines, Oct 3rd, 2011; “Teenagers could possibly become pregnant as a result of the deficiency of decent educational programs, hindrances from being able to acquire birth control methods, sexual assault or rape, economic reasons, and cultural rituals and that is usually handed from family to another  family.  Teenage Pregnancy brings about life-changing outcomes and commitments. Their studies and  also ambitions will most likely be hampered as they will need to concentrate their attention on parenting their child or supporting their new family.”
The above literature is relevance to the study for after mentioning the possible factors behind, it penetrated to the effects brought about by pregnancy against the school performance of the teenagers which would be temporarily hampered or it could be reason of total separation from school to give priority of rearing and parenting their incoming child.

Economic Status  and Teenage pregnancy
(K. Torres, September 2012- National campaign to prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy) Teenage pregnancy is occurring in an adolescent girl between the ages of 13 to 19. Socioeconomic is one factor in which is the social-economic experiences that help mold one’s personality, attitudes and lifestyle. It can also define regions and neighborhoods. Socioeconomic factors also include the ethnicity, and sense of community.
Families with low economic status often have less success in preparing their young children for school because they typically don’t have access to promote, support young children’s development and provide them with everything they needed. Studies have shown that girls raised in poverty, in single-parent homes, and by parents with lower levels of education are more likely  to be pregnant and to be teenage mothers.
Teens often feel pressure to make friends and fit in their peers during adolescence. Many times these teens let their friends influence their decision to have sex even though they do not fully understand the consequences associated with it. Teenagers have sex as a way to appear cool and sophisticated, but in some cases  it ends up in unplanned teen pregnancy.

Justification:
The literature of legal bases will help the researcher to understand that the present study is already a long thrust of the Philippine government. Ten years ago, the government thrust about teenage / children rights and protection were relied more through parents look out.
But today government intensifies their thrust of their welfare and that includes protection from teenage pregnancy with the cooperation of parents, teachers,community and an agency assigned by the government for that purpose.
The related literature both foreign and local had also given the researcher ideas and insights useful in carrying out her research process concerning the factors that triggers the teenage pregnancy and effects of teenage pregnancy  to the school development of the students.Furthermore, these foreign and local studies provided the researcher an opportunity to compare her work with the existing work related to her study in order to strengthen or back-up of her recent findings and make solid framework of her new discovery related to “teenage pregnancy."

Click the following some parts of Chapter 2 of this thesis:
Chapter 2-Family
Chapter 2-Community;
Chapter 2-Church Involvement;
Chapter 2-Peers;
Chapter 2-Media;

Thesis Making? Wanted Someone to Help or to Coach?

Effects, Econmic and Justification onThesis of TEENAGE PREGNANCY – Chapter 2


“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “

Click here to guide you by chapters - Chapter I; Chapter 11Chapter IIIChapter IVChapter V

CHAPTER 2
Review of Related Literature and Studies
Effects of Premarital sex
 Albano, September, 2010. As a whole, the situation is grim for pregnant teenage girls who are in school and their babies. Forced with few options with no where to turn to, many girls find various ways to get rid of the fetus. In a few cases, some simply disguise their bellies and hide their pregnancy from everyone, and  the victim will start to make lost interest at school, absenteeism from school which resulted to low and failure  on test and quizzes and finally prefers to stay home. As months move on, a teenage pregnant student will start to disguise their bellies and hide their pregnancy to their schoolmates and to everyone, but everything will not just end that way, the pressure must go on and being pregnant this will effect on their school development, others will decide to quit school for the main time and back to school after pregnancy.

Effects after pregnancy
Common Reasons behind Teenage Pregnancy in the Philippines, Oct 3rd, 2011; “Teenagers could possibly become pregnant as a result of the deficiency of decent educational programs, hindrances from being able to acquire birth control methods, sexual assault or rape, economic reasons, and cultural rituals and that is usually handed from family to another  family.  Teenage Pregnancy brings about life-changing outcomes and commitments. Their studies and  also ambitions will most likely be hampered as they will need to concentrate their attention on parenting their child or supporting their new family.”
The above literature is relevance to the study for after mentioning the possible factors behind, it penetrated to the effects brought about by pregnancy against the school performance of the teenagers which would be temporarily hampered or it could be reason of total separation from school to give priority of rearing and parenting their incoming child.

Economic Status  and Teenage pregnancy
(K. Torres, September 2012- National campaign to prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy) Teenage pregnancy is occurring in an adolescent girl between the ages of 13 to 19. Socioeconomic is one factor in which is the social-economic experiences that help mold one’s personality, attitudes and lifestyle. It can also define regions and neighborhoods. Socioeconomic factors also include the ethnicity, and sense of community.
Families with low economic status often have less success in preparing their young children for school because they typically don’t have access to promote, support young children’s development and provide them with everything they needed. Studies have shown that girls raised in poverty, in single-parent homes, and by parents with lower levels of education are more likely  to be pregnant and to be teenage mothers.
Teens often feel pressure to make friends and fit in their peers during adolescence. Many times these teens let their friends influence their decision to have sex even though they do not fully understand the consequences associated with it. Teenagers have sex as a way to appear cool and sophisticated, but in some cases  it ends up in unplanned teen pregnancy.

Justification:
The literature of legal bases will help the researcher to understand that the present study is already a long thrust of the Philippine government. Ten years ago, the government thrust about teenage / children rights and protection were relied more through parents look out.
But today government intensifies their thrust of their welfare and that includes protection from teenage pregnancy with the cooperation of parents, teachers,community and an agency assigned by the government for that purpose.
The related literature both foreign and local had also given the researcher ideas and insights useful in carrying out her research process concerning the factors that triggers the teenage pregnancy and effects of teenage pregnancy  to the school development of the students.Furthermore, these foreign and local studies provided the researcher an opportunity to compare her work with the existing work related to her study in order to strengthen or back-up of her recent findings and make solid framework of her new discovery related to “teenage pregnancy."

Click the following some parts of Chapter 2 of this thesis:
Chapter 2-Family
Chapter 2-Community;
Chapter 2-Church Involvement;
Chapter 2-Peers;
Chapter 2-Media;


Thesis or Dissertation of Teenage Pregnancy-chapter 1

“TEENAGE PREGNANCY: ITS EFFECT ON EDUCATIONAL DEVELOPMENT OF STUDENTS AND OUT-OF-SCHOOL YOUTH IN MARAMAG, BUKIDNON “



teenage-pregnancy- pic 2.jpg
Click these to guide you by chapter:  Chapter I; Chapter 11Chapter IIIChapter IVChapter V
Teenage Pregnancy - Title Page
Teenage Pregnancy - About the Author

Chapter I

Introduction;

Over the past few decades, teenage pregnancy has become a public concern which has generated a great deal of attention in the locality. Increasing awareness of the social and economic consequences of teenage pregnancy has led to a consensus opinion among policy makers  and the public that teenage pregnancy and child bearing is a significant social problem. It has been linked to an array of other social issues, such as welfare dependency, child health and well-being, out of wedlock births, fatherhood responsibility, child abuse and neglect, school drop-out and workforce development. (Torivillas, The Philippine Star, 2013).
There was a strong agreement that teenage pregnancy rate is still on the increase and and every increased there has an additional consequences of abortions and fetus losses and yet reducing the number of births by this age group remains an important goal, Scott (1981)


The frequency of teenage pregnancy among the youth is alarming and has become more or less a fact of life in many nations of the world including Philippines. This remains both culturally deleterious and personally destructive. Teenage pregnancy has lots of effects on Educational Development of teenagers who are victims of this phenomenon. The Philippine government and other religious institutions  are studying every angle to look for ways to reduce untimely pregnancy among teenager. These are many factors which have been recognized by researchers and authors as being responsible for teenage pregnancy. It has been noted and well documented that today’s teenagers face more sexual temptation than previous generations. They seem to be more aware of sex and susceptible to the dangers of illicit sex. Today’s society is more bombarded with sexually oriented materials in the environment. The teenager are more vulnerable to sexual temptations. Health and Home, Philippines, Pregnant at 16, p.12-13 &22).
teenage preg 4.jpg
According to Eruesgbefe, (2005). “Today’s teenagers have become more sexually active and promiscuous compared to their age mates of some thirty, forty or fifty years ago in the Nigerian situation”. He also asserted that, “The gradual departures from the traditions, customs and religious doctrine of the different ethnic groups on the premise of civilization have been largely responsible for this. Community and families must work hand in hand to shield their teenagers against these phenomena. Increases in both health and social problems are products of uncontrollable multiple sex partners among teenagers. Mainly because the youth cannot control their emotional feelings, they rush into untimely sex, in the belief that the act will be undetected.


According to Albano (2001). In the Philippines, usually in a family, this category are not taught family life education by their parents and schools because of the sensitivity of the issue, this is contrary to the wide assumption that family life education is on. In practice, however, not much of sex education is taught in every Filipino family. Existing government family planning programs have been directed principally to married couples.


Maramag is still a growing community, cases of teenage pregnancy usually become a big issue to the neighbors and to the whole community. The family of the victim is in trauma discovering that their teenager was some months on her way already. Almost everybody is blaming the pregnant teenager of the consequences of her misdeeds. They focused their judgment to the victim but they did not bother to ask why and what were behind of indulging sex at teens and got pregnant not at the right time. The Philippine government through some of its agencies like Department of Social Welfare and Development (DSWD)  and Department of Education (DepEd), introduced some strategies to minimize the increasing cases of pregnancy as observed after a decade in the Philippines. Sex education is being incorporated to the subject matters in school. RH bill could be a big help to let the teenagers know how to act about sex. Filipino families and communities is properly informed about their responsibilities to their youngsters with regards to sex.  While teenagers wherever they are must be reached to educate and be well informed how to counter early pregnancy.


Religious sectors are also showing concerns about the teenagers by intensifying the activities at the church and detour  their interest while they are still young and not yet prepare to face the consequences brought about early sex. The churches now are also don’t want to left behind on nurturing the youths by instilling  to their minds  that early sex out of wed luck has consequences and the consequences hurt more than waiting. (Health and Home pp.13,2003).The researcher of this paper hope that after the study, she can impart some important strategies  and information she gained to the community, to the teachers, school administrators, parents and to the teenagers on how to minimize teenage pregnancy to students and out-of-school youth in Maramag, Bukidnon.